пятница, 18 октября 2013 г.

Четвертое издание словаря Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary and Thesaurus- толковый словарь для среднего уровня и выше- для иностранцев, изучающих английский- ценное добавление- тезаурус- слова можно активировать по смысловым группам.


Четвертое издание словаря Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary and Thesaurus- толковый словарь для среднего уровня и выше- для иностранцев, изучающих английский- ценное добавление- тезаурус- слова можно активировать по смысловым группам. НАПРИМЕР
Из словаря Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 4th Ed.(En-En)
—succeed UK US /səkˈsiːd/
Ⅰ. verb (FOLLOW) ↑Verb Endings for succeed
1. [I or T] to take an official job or position after someone else:
» He succeeded his father as editor of the paper.
» When the Queen dies, her eldest son will succeed to the throne.
Thesaurus+: ↑Replacing and exchanging
2. to come after another person or thing in time:
» In the weeks that succeeded, five more patients showed similar symptoms.
» Almost from its beginnings, New York has produced succeeding generations of intellectuals.
Thesaurus+: ↑Occurring and happening
Ⅱ. verb [I] (ACHIEVE SOMETHING) ↑Verb Endings for succeed
▸ B1 If you succeed, you achieve something that you have been aiming for, and if a plan or piece of work succeeds, it has the results that you wanted:
» She's been trying to pass her driving test for six years and she's finally succeeded.
» You need to be pretty tough to succeed in the property world.
» The campaign has certainly succeeded in raising public awareness of the issue.
» HUMOROUS Richard succeeded in offending (= managed unintentionally to offend) just about everybody in the room!
Thesaurus+: ↑Succeeding, achieving and fulfilling
• • •
Word Builder:
–Nouns: success, succession, successor
–Adjectives: successful, unsuccessful, successive
–Verbs: succeed
–Adverbs: successfully, unsuccessfully
Extra Examples:
» He has a desperate desire to succeed.
» She has the drive to succeed.
» There is no reason why we shouldn't succeed.
» Most couples would agree that for a marriage to succeed, both parties have to work at it.
» He is unlikely to succeed in getting his bill through Congress, however worthy it is.
Common mistake: succeed
! Remember:succeed is usually followed by the preposition in.
! Don't say 'succeed something', say succeed in something:
✗ I hope you will succeed your new job.
» I hope you will succeed in your new job.
! When succeed in is followed by a verb, that verb is usually in the -ing form:
! Don't say 'succeed to do something' or 'succeed doing something', say succeed in doing something:
» They finally succeeded in catching the killer.
Из словаря Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 4th Ed.(En-En)
↑Succeeding, achieving and fulfilling
Succeeding, achieving and fulfilling
— Thesaurus+: LEVEL 4 SL ↑♯ Succeeding, achieving and fulfilling (139) in total
1. accomplish verb [T] ⇒ ↑accomplish
2. ace verb [T] US INFORMAL ⇒ ↑ace
3. achieve verb [T] ⇒ ↑achieve
4. attain verb [T] FORMAL ⇒ ↑attain
5. be a hard/tough act to follow INFORMAL ⇒ ↑be a hard/tough act to follow
6. be getting somewhere INFORMAL ⇒ ↑be getting somewhere
7. be in at the death UK ⇒ ↑be in at the death
8. be in the groove INFORMAL ⇒ ↑be in the groove
9. be on the road to sth INFORMAL ⇒ ↑be on the road to sth
10. be the making of sb ⇒ ↑be the making of sb
11. bear fruit FORMAL ⇒ ↑bear fruit
12. bed down (WORK WELL) — phrasal verb with bed verb [T] OLD-FASHIONED ⇒ ↑bed down
13. break the back of sth UK ⇒ ↑break the back of sth
14. bring sth off — phrasal verb with bring verb [T] ⇒ ↑bring sth off
15. carry sth off — phrasal verb with carry verb ⇒ ↑carry sth off
16. carry sth out — phrasal verb with carry verb ⇒ ↑carry sth out
17. carry sth through — phrasal verb with carry verb ⇒ ↑carry sth through
18. carve sth out (for yourself) — phrasal verb with carve verb [I or T] ⇒ ↑carve sth out (for yourself)
19. catch on (BECOME POPULAR) — phrasal verb with catch verb ⇒ ↑catch on
20. catch verb [T] (BE IN TIME) ⇒ ↑catch
21. chalk sth up — phrasal verb with chalk verb [I or T] ⇒ ↑chalk sth up
22. clear verb (GIVE PERMISSION) ⇒ ↑clear
23. climax verb [I] ⇒ ↑climax
24. climb verb (RISE) ⇒ ↑climb :: 3 × Moving upwards
25. clock sth up MAINLY UK INFORMAL — phrasal verb with clock verb [T] ⇒ ↑clock sth up
26. come back from the dead (ALSO rise from the dead) ⇒ ↑come back from the dead
27. come into your own ⇒ ↑come into your own
28. come off INFORMAL — phrasal verb with come verb ⇒ ↑come off
29. come up to sth — phrasal verb with come verb ⇒ ↑come up to sth
30. come up with the goods (ALSO deliver the goods) informal ⇒ ↑come up with the goods
31. consummate verb [T] FORMAL (COMPLETE) ⇒ ↑consummate
32. count towards sth — phrasal verb with count verb ⇒ ↑count towards sth
33. deliver verb [I or T] (PRODUCE) ⇒ ↑deliver
34. do sb proud ⇒ ↑do sb proud
35. do nicely INFORMAL ⇒ ↑do nicely
36. do the job INFORMAL ⇒ ↑do the job
37. do/work wonders INFORMAL ⇒ ↑do/work wonders
38. effect verb [T] FORMAL ⇒ ↑effect
39. excel verb [I] ⇒ ↑excel
40. execute verb [T] (DO) ⇒ ↑execute
41. follow (sth) through — phrasal verb with follow verb ⇒ ↑follow (sth) through
42. fulfil (US USUALLY fulfill) verb [T] (MAKE HAPPEN) ⇒ ↑fulfil
43. get (sth) off the ground ⇒ ↑get (sth) off the ground
44. get your own way ⇒ ↑get your own way
45. get ahead — phrasal verb with get verb ⇒ ↑get ahead
46. get away with sth (SUCCEED) — phrasal verb with get verb ⇒ ↑get away with sth
47. get in/get into sth — phrasal verb with get verb ⇒ ↑get in/get into sth
48. get off on the right/wrong foot ⇒ ↑get off on the right/wrong foot
49. get through sth (EXAM) — phrasal verb with get verb ⇒ ↑get through sth
50. get to/reach first base US INFORMAL ⇒ ↑get to/reach first base
51. go (like/down) a bomb UK INFORMAL ⇒ ↑go (like/down) a bomb
52. go (off) without a hitch ⇒ ↑go (off) without a hitch
53. go far (ALSO go a long way) INFORMAL ⇒ ↑go far
54. go from strength to strength MAINLY UK ⇒ ↑go from strength to strength
55. go into orbit INFORMAL ⇒ ↑go into orbit
56. go places INFORMAL ⇒ ↑go places
57. go the whole hog ⇒ ↑go the whole hog
58. have your/its moments ⇒ ↑have your/its moments
59. have the last laugh ⇒ ↑have the last laugh
60. hit the ground running ⇒ ↑hit the ground running
61. hit verb (REACH) ⇒ ↑hit :: 2 × Arriving, entering and invading
62. if it/a thing is worth doing, it's worth doing well SAYING ⇒ ↑if it/a thing is worth doing, it's worth doing well
63. job done INFORMAL ⇒ ↑job done
64. kill two birds with one stone ⇒ ↑kill two birds with one stone
65. leap verb [I + adv/prep] (HAPPEN SUDDENLY) ⇒ ↑leap
66. live up to sth — phrasal verb with live verb ⇒ ↑live up to sth
67. make a splash ⇒ ↑make a splash
68. make good ⇒ ↑make good
69. make it (to the top) ⇒ ↑make it (to the top)
70. make it big INFORMAL ⇒ ↑make it big
71. make out US INFORMAL (SUCCEED) — phrasal verb with make verb ⇒ ↑make out
72. make the grade ⇒ ↑make the grade
73. manage verb (SUCCEED) ⇒ ↑manage
74. measure up — phrasal verb with measure verb ⇒ ↑measure up
75. meet verb (SATISFY) ⇒ ↑meet
76. necessity is the mother of invention SAYING ⇒ ↑necessity is the mother of invention
77. never look back ⇒ ↑never look back
78. not put a foot wrong ⇒ ↑not put a foot wrong
79. notch sth up INFORMAL — phrasal verb with notch verb [T] ⇒ ↑notch sth up
80. on target ⇒ ↑on target
81. pan out INFORMAL — phrasal verb with pan verb ⇒ ↑pan out
82. pay dividends ⇒ ↑pay dividends
83. pay off — phrasal verb with pay verb ⇒ ↑pay off
84. play your cards right ⇒ ↑play your cards right
85. prosper verb [I] ⇒ ↑prosper
86. pull sth off INFORMAL — phrasal verb with pull verb ⇒ ↑pull sth off
87. punch above your weight MAINLY UK INFORMAL ⇒ ↑punch above your weight
88. qualify verb [I] (GET INTO COMPETITION) ⇒ ↑qualify
89. reach verb [T] (LEVEL) ⇒ ↑reach
90. reap the benefit, reward, etc. ⇒ ↑reap the benefit, reward, etc.
91. ride, drive, walk, etc. (off) into the sunset ⇒ ↑ride, drive, walk, etc. (off) into the sunset
92. romp through sth INFORMAL — phrasal verb with romp verb [I usually + adv/prep] ⇒ ↑romp through sth
93. sail through (sth) — phrasal verb with sail verb ⇒ ↑sail through (sth)
94. scale the heights ⇒ ↑scale the heights
95. score verb (WIN) ⇒ ↑score
96. scrape through (sth) — phrasal verb with scrape verb ⇒ ↑scrape through (sth)
97. scrape verb [I usually + adv/prep] (SUCCEED) ⇒ ↑scrape
98. see sth through — phrasal verb with see verb ⇒ ↑see sth through
99. sew sth up (BE SUCCESSFUL) — phrasal verb with sew verb ⇒ ↑sew sth up
100. shine out — phrasal verb with shine verb ⇒ ↑shine out
101. shine verb [I] (ABILITY) ⇒ ↑shine
102. squeak verb [I + adv/prep] US (SUCCEED) ⇒ ↑squeak
103. stand out — phrasal verb with stand verb ⇒ ↑stand out
104. streak ahead — phrasal verb with streak verb ⇒ ↑streak ahead
105. succeed verb [I] (ACHIEVE SOMETHING) ⇒ ↑succeed
106. take off (SUCCEED) — phrasal verb with take verb ⇒ ↑take off
107. thrive verb [I] ⇒ ↑thrive
108. throve US ⇒ ↑throve
109. turn/come up trumps UK ⇒ ↑turn/come up trumps
110. wade through sth INFORMAL — phrasal verb with wade verb ⇒ ↑wade through sth
111. walk it UK INFORMAL ⇒ ↑walk it
112. walk verb [T] UK INFORMAL (DO EASILY) ⇒ ↑walk
113. waltz through sth INFORMAL — phrasal verb with waltz verb ⇒ ↑waltz through sth
114. win through UK — phrasal verb with win verb ⇒ ↑win through
115. win/gain your spurs ⇒ ↑win/gain your spurs
116. work wonders/miracles (UK ALSO work a treat) ⇒ ↑work wonders/miracles
117. work/go like a dream ⇒ ↑work/go like a dream
118. work verb [I usually + adv/prep] (HAVE EFFECT) ⇒ ↑work
119. work verb [I or T, + adv/prep] (SUCCEED IN BECOMING) ⇒ ↑work
120. you can't make an omelette without breaking eggs SAYING ⇒ ↑you can't make an omelette without breaking eggs
121. ˈwish-fulˌfillment noun [U] ⇒ ↑wish-fulfillment
122. acquit yourself FORMAL ⇒ ↑acquit yourself
123. acquit yourself FORMAL ⇒ ↑acquit
124. come true ⇒ ↑come true
125. come true ⇒ ↑true
126. distinguish yourself ⇒ ↑distinguish yourself
127. distinguish yourself ⇒ ↑distinguish
128. establish yourself C1 FORMAL ⇒ ↑establish yourself
129. establish yourself C1 FORMAL ⇒ ↑establish
130. excel yourself ⇒ ↑excel yourself
131. excel yourself ⇒ ↑excel
132. get there ⇒ ↑get there
133. get there ⇒ ↑there
134. have only (got) to ⇒ ↑have only (got) to
135. have only (got) to ⇒ ↑only
136. lead the way ⇒ ↑lead the way
137. lead the way ⇒ ↑lead
138. take sb/sth by storm ⇒ ↑storm
139. take sb/sth by storm ⇒ ↑take sb/sth by storm

суббота, 12 октября 2013 г.

Учебные англо-английские толковые словари делового английского для среднего и продвинутого уровня

Oxford Business English Dictionary
Longman Business English Dictionary
Cambridge Business English Dictionary
-На среднем этапе обучения, толковые словари ( их всего три)  для иностранцев, изучающих бизнес-английский, предоставляют тщательно отобранные примеры употребления словарных единиц в типичных бизнес-контекстах- в устной речи и в письменных текстах и рапортах. Особое внимание следует уделять правильному употреблению фразовых глаголов, коллокаций и заставших словосочетаний

Из словаря OBEP (Eng-Eng)

   manage // verb
   1 [+ obj or no obj]
   to control or be in charge of a business, an organization, a team of people, a project, etc. :
     I have been managing 3 companies in the UK with around 200 employees.
     How many people do you manage?
     The firm manages $3 billion in investments.
     We need people who are good at managing.
     She manages IBM's e-business consulting division
     He manages artists from around the world
     The bond is managed by Merrill Lynch
   2 [+ obj]
   to use time, money, etc. in a sensible way:
     She gave a presentation on managing time more effectively.
     a computer program that helps you manage data efficiently
     The service helps people to manage their finances.
     This command helps manage my laptop's battery power
     Companies that cannot manage their debt face bankruptcy.
Из словаря Longman BED 2nd Ed.
manage man‧age [ˈmænɪdʒ] verb BrE AmE
1. [intransitive, transitive] COMMERCE to direct or control a business, part of a business, or the people who work in it:
• He will be managing a staff of about 1,500.
• The unions had undermined the employers' ability to manage.
2. [transitive] FINANCE if a financial institution manages someone's money, it decides when and where to invest it:
• investors who use trading advisers to manage their money in futures markets
• professionally managed pension funds
Из словаря Cambridge Business English Dictionary (En-En)
manage UK  US  /ˈmænɪdʒ/ verb
► [I or T] MANAGEMENT, HR, WORKPLACE to be in charge of and control a company, department, project, team, etc. : »Managing a large corporation has become more complex and challenging. »What kind of skills and qualities do people need to manage? »Early biotech companies typically were founded, staffed and managed by scientists. »He's not very good at managing people.
► [I or T] to be able to use something, for example time or money, in an effective way: »Young people often need help in managing their finances. »Can you give me some advice on how to manage my time better?
► [T] FINANCE, STOCK MARKET to be responsible for investing money for investors: »She works for a Boston-based private-equity firm that manages about $2 billion in energy industry investments. »All our funds are managed by expert investment advisors.

В архиве еще много других словарей бизнес-лексики

download zip archive of this folder for Goldendict
D:\GoldenDict Portable 1.0.1 239\content\dictionaries\business dictionaries en-ru-en\

en ru Electronics Mostitsky\
en-en business english jargon\
en-en business finance\
en-en business terms\
en-en campbellFinancial\
en-en economist\
en-en interbusiness\
en-en Law\
en-en new york times finanical glossaries\
en-en Oxford Business and Management\
en-en Oxford Business English Dictionary\
en-en Oxford Finance and Banking\
en-en OxfordEconomicsEnEn-2.4.2\
en-en trade facilitation\
en-ru Belyaev en-ru science technical difficulties\
en-ru business\
en-ru economist\
en-ru investment\
Exchange_and_economy (En-Ru)\
ru-en Belyak useful dic\
ru-en business\
ru-en conferences\
Ru-En Dictionary of Scientific Phrases\
ru-en tech klimzo\
ru-en Zimmerman ru-eng\

пятница, 4 октября 2013 г.

Cambridge Learner's Dictionary English-Russian и Oxford Learner's Wordfinder Dictionary

Cambridge Learner's Dictionary English-Russian- Отличный толковый словарь для начинающих и продолжающих изучать английский с активными примерами для говорения. Особенность этого издания в том, что для каждого значения также указаны переводы на русский, объяснения значений на английском и примеры остаются без перевода. Также для некоторых слов есть дополнительные примеры. Кроме этого, очень полезным добавлением является Thesaurus- все слова разбиты на смысловые группы, откуда можно выйти на словарные статьи со словами этой группы

This is the first edition of the semi-bilingual Russian version of the Cambridge Learner's Dictionary, ideal for intermediate to upper-intermediate students. Russian translations are given for every sense, and thesaurus and common error notes give students extra help with producing English. The dictionary is accompanied by a CD-ROM containing the full text of the dictionary, and including SmartThesaurus, QuickFind, recordings of every word in British and American English, plus study material.

Из словаря Cambridge Learner's Dictionary (En-Ru)
succeed UK US /səkˈsiːd/ verb [Word building: succeed] [Verb endings: succeed] [Extra examples: succeed]
1. ACHIEVE [I] to achieve what you are trying to achieve
добиваться успеха
She has the skill and determination to succeed.
[+ in + doing sth] He has finally succeeded in passing his exams.
Thesaurus entry: "Succeeding, achieving and fulfilling"
2. TAKE POSITION [T] to take an official job or position after someone else
быть преемником, наследовать
The Queen was succeeded by her eldest son when she died.
Thesaurus entry: "Replacing and exchanging"

Из словаря Cambridge Learner's Dictionary (En-Ru)
Extra examples: succeed
We have to succeed at all costs.
It is highly unlikely that they will succeed.
She had a single-minded determination to succeed in her career.
It is arguable whether this method would even have succeeded.
She doesn't have the slightest chance of succeeding.

Из словаря Cambridge Learner's Dictionary (En-Ru)
"Succeeding, achieving and fulfilling"
accomplish, v
achieve, v
attain, v
be on target
bear fruit
bring sth off
carry sth off
carve (out) a niche/career/role, etc for yourself
chalk sth up
clinch, v
clock sth up
come into your/its own
come off
come true
contrive, v
count towards sth
crown, v, BEST PART
cruise to success/victory, etc
deliver, v, PROMISE
deliver/come up with the goods
execute, v, DO
fruition, n
fulfil an ambition/dream/goal, etc
fulfil criteria/requirements/qualifications, etc
fulfilment, n, SOMETHING DONE
get (sth) off the ground
get ahead
get around to sth, v
get somewhere
keep to sth, NOT CHANGE PLANS
leave/make your mark
live up to sth
make it big
make it, SUCCEED
make the grade
measure up
meet, v, ACHIEVE
notch up sth
prosper, v
pull sth off
push sth through
rack up sth
reach, v, LEVEL
realize an ambition/dream/goal, etc
reap the benefits/profits/rewards
redeem yourself
satisfy conditions/needs/requirements, etc
scrape through (sth)
secure, v, ACHIEVE
set an example/a record/a standard, etc
set your sights on sth
succeed, v, ACHIEVE
triumph, v
unfulfilled, adj, NOT DONE
work your way around/through/up, etc sth

Из словаря Cambridge Learner's Dictionary (En-Ru)
"Replacing and exchanging"
barter, v
by proxy
change, v, IN SHOP
change, v, MONEY
compensate, v, MONEY
displace, v, MOVE
displace, v, TAKE THE PLACE OF
exchange looks/smiles/words, etc
exchange, n, GIVING
exchange, v, GIVE
exchange, v, SHOP
for, prep, GIVEN/USED
for, prep, IN EXCHANGE
in lieu of sth
in place of sth
instead, adv
on sb's behalf
rather than
rather, adv, CORRECT
relieve sb of sth
relieve, v, FROM WORK
renew, v, BUY
renewal, n
replace, v, BE USED INSTEAD
replace, v, USE INSTEAD
replacement, n, ACT OF REPLACING
replacement, n, THING OR PERSON
represent, v, SPEAK FOR
representation, n, SPEAKING FOR
representative, n
reserve, n, SPORT
stand in
stand-in, n
substitute for sb
substitute, n
substitute, v
succeed, v, TAKE POSITION
succession, n, POSITION
successor, n, PERSON
successor, n, THING
supersede, v
supplant, v
surrogate, adj
surrogate, n
swap, v
switch, v, EXCHANGE
swop, v
trade sth in
transfer, v, CHANGE OWNER
usurp, v
vicarious, adj


Oxford Learner's Wordfinder Dictionary- Отличный словарь идей b понятий для начинающих и продолжающих, который был первым такого рода словарем для расширения активного словарного запаса ( затем вышел знаменитый Longman Activator). В этом словаре активная лексика с объяснениями и примерами собрана по темам

Allows the user to go from the known to the unknown, by grouping vocabulary around 640 keywords.
Shows words related by meaning and use: synonyms, opposites, derivatives, the verbs to go with the nouns, etc.
Gives all the words needed to talk about a particular subject: invaluable for preparing a talk, planning an essay or writing a letter.
Provides Topic Areas which suggest a framework for systematic vocabulary expansion.
Helps with structures and linguistic problem areas.
An ideal resource for revision.

Из словаря Oxford Learner's Wordfinder Dictionary (En-En)
1 succeeding
2 not succeeding
3 wanting to succeed
succeeding in an examination ⇒ exam
succeeding in a race or competition ⇒ win/lose
see also hope, luck, try
1 succeeding
- to manage to do what you want: succeed (in sth/doing sth); noun (U): success
◦ If you don't succeed the first time, try again.
◦ She finally succeeded in waking him up.
◦ We wish you every success in your future career.
- achieving success: successful (in sth) (adverb successfully)
◦ a successful party/ performance
- to succeed in a particular task or in your job: make* a success of sth
◦ George has made a great success of his new job as a theatre director.
- to succeed in your work, usually earning a lot of money: do* well for yourself
◦ Jonathan has done very well for himself since leaving university.
- to do well in your life, job, etc: get* on, go* far
◦ If you want to get on, you have to be prepared to work long hours.
- to get sth done or gain sth by effort or skill: achieve sth; noun (U): achievement; something which you achieve: achievement
◦ I sometimes wonder what I have really achieved in my life.
◦ a great feeling of achievement
◦ What a marvellous achievement!
- to continue to do sth which is difficult, until you have succeeded: see* sth through
◦ Congratulations on seeing the job through!
- to be able to do sth or deal with sth: manage (sth/to do sth)
◦ We finally managed to start the car.
- to deal successfully with a difficult matter or situation: cope (with sth)
◦ I just can't cope with the stress of this job.
- to manage to do sth difficult: (informal) bring*/carry/pull sth off
◦ We haven't had much time to practise, but I'm sure we'll be able to bring it off.
- to manage to solve a problem: work sth out
◦ 'I just don't know what to do.' 'Don't worry - we'll work something out.'
- to manage to do what you want to do, rather than what sb else wants you to do: get* your (own) way
◦ How is it that she always gets her own way?
- if sth that you plan or do gives you the result that you want, it goes* right, works, works out
◦ Things have finally started to go right after all those problems we had.
◦ I don't think this plan's going to work.
◦ Things will probably work out all right in the end.
- if sth produces the result that you want, it is effective (adverb effectively)
◦ a very effective medicine
◦ to take effective action
◦ The speaker made his point very effectively.
2 not succeeding
- to be unsuccessful in sth: fail (sth), fail to do sth; noun (C/U): failure
◦ I tried but failed.
◦ to fail an interview
◦ Many of us failed to complete the course.
◦ I felt depressed by constant failure.
◦ When I lost my job, it just seemed like another failure.
- (used about a plan or piece of work) to be unsuccessful: fall* through, go* wrong
◦ 'I thought they were buying this house.' 'No, that fell through.'
◦ In spite of our preparations, things soon started to go wrong.
- (used about a business) to fail or break down suddenly or completely: collapse; noun (U): collapse
◦ If the government introduces these new taxes, our business is sure to collapse.
◦ I'm trying to save the company from collapse.
- to fail to make any progress: not get* anywhere
◦ Look, we're not getting anywhere in this discussion - nobody's listening to anyone else's opinion.
- not successful: unsuccessful (adverb unsuccessfully)
◦ an unsuccessful businessman
◦ an unsuccessful journey
◦ Edward tried, unsuccessfully, to offer the policeman a bribe.
- a person or thing that has failed, or that often fails: failure
◦ Everything in my life has gone wrong. I feel like a complete failure.
- an unsuccessful organized event: fiasco (plural fiascos)
◦ The dance was a complete fiasco - all the lights went out at 10 pm, and everybody had to go home.
- not having the effect you want: futile, ineffective (adverb ineffectively); nouns (U): futility, ineffectiveness
◦ It's futile trying to help him - he's too proud to accept help from anyone.
◦ Some of us made ineffective attempts to stop the water coming into the boat.
◦ The futility of the plan soon became obvious.
- giving no hope of success: hopeless (adverb hopelessly)
◦ It's hopeless - there's nothing more I can do.
◦ We were hopelessly lost.
- something (for example a plan) which will not work is unworkable
◦ It's an interesting idea, but I'm afraid it's totally unworkable.
3 wanting to succeed
- a strong desire to be successful: ambition (noun U); adjective: ambitious (adverb ambitiously)
◦ When he started out in business, he was young and full of ambition.
◦ I was very ambitious when I was younger.
- a particular thing that you want to do: ambition
◦ Her ambition is to climb Everest.
- likely to succeed in a profession: promising
◦ a promising young musician
- feeling or showing that you are sure of being successful: confident (of sth/that …) (adverb confidently); noun (U): confidence
◦ I'm confident that we'll raise the money in time.
- confident in your own abilities: self-confident; noun (U): self-confidence
◦ She's very self-confident - she's not afraid to stand up and speak in front of a large audience.
- the possibility of being successful: hope (of sth/doing sth), chance (of sth/doing sth), prospects (of sth/doing sth) (noun plural)
◦ Unfortunately, they have little hope of completing their journey before winter sets in.
◦ 'What are our prospects of success?' 'Not very good at present, I'm afraid.'
- the possibility of not being successful: risk
◦ There is a risk that we might fail.
◦ I'm not prepared to take that risk!
- to have a chance of succeeding in sth: stand* a … chance of doing sth
◦ I think you stand a good/fair chance of getting that job.
4 being known and liked
- something that is successful and that a lot of people like: hit, success; something that is not successful: flop
◦ That song was a big hit in America.
◦ The school play was a great success.
◦ His first film was a complete flop.
- liked by many people or by most people in a group: popular; the state of being popular: popularity (noun U)
◦ a popular writer/singer/tourist resort
- to be known by many people as being good: have a good reputation
◦ 'Is he a good dentist?' 'Well I've never been to him myself, but he's got a good reputation.'
- to be as good as people say: live up to your reputation
◦ 'Well, did the hotel live up to its reputation?' 'Oh, absolutely.'

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